Bhutan at a Glance

Total Area 38,394 square kilometers
Geography Landlocked between China (Tibet) and India
Altitude 100m above sea level in the South to over 7,500 m. above sea level in the North.
Population 646,851 (2006)
Language Bhutan’s official language is Dzongkha while English is widely spoken
Religion Mahayana Buddhism in its Tantric form
Capital Thimphu
Political System Democratic Constitutional Monarchy
Time 6 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time
Currency Ngultrum (at par with Indian rupee) 1US$ = Nu.76.94 (April, 2020)
Terrain It can be divided into three major parts:Geographic regions from North to South; the high Himalayas of North, the hills and valleys of the central and the foothills and plains of the South.
Forest coverage 72.5% of the land area
Cultivated area 7.8% of total land
Altitude 100 m above sea level in the south to over 7,500 m above sea level in the north
Longitude  88 45’ – 92 10’ East
Latitude 26 45’ – 28 15’ North
Life expectancy 66 yrs
Local time 6 hrs ahead of GMT and half an hour ahead of Indian Standard Time